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Novel electrical impedance methods in formulation and process development. Podium presentation at Freeze-Drying Technology Summit, Vienna 13-14 Feb 2020

presentation
posted on 26.02.2020, 15:10 by Geoff Smith
Cite as:
Smith, G. (2020) Novel electrical impedance methods in formulation and process development. Podium presentation at Freeze-Drying Technology Summit, Vienna 2020 Feb 13-14

Freeze-Drying Technology Summit
Vienna 13-14 Feb 2020 | Vienna, Austria

Hilton Garden Inn Vienna South
Hertha-Firnberg-Straße 5, 1100

This presentation provides a brief introduction to electrical impedance and dielectric relaxation processes in liquid and frozen aqueous solutions, before discussing the use of micro-scale measurements in a freeze-drying microscope (highlighting potential applications for formulation screening).

These microscale studies are based on a single analytical instrument (Z-FDM) which combines impedance (Z) spectroscopy with freeze-drying microscopy (FDM) with an interdigitated micro-electrode array placed on a freeze-drying microscope stage.

Critical process parameters of ice growth, sublimation drying rate and end-point were demonstrated using the Z-FDM technique.

A brief overview of in-vial measurements in a freeze-dryer (using through-vial impedance spectroscopy) is also given, along with the statements on potential applications for process development.

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